The Yayli Tanbur is a bowed lute from Turkey. Derived from the older plucked tanbur, it has a long, fretted neck and a round metal or wooden soundbox which is often covered on the playing end with a skin or acrylic head similar to that of a banjo. Yayli tanbur is a monochord and consists of 4 resonance strings which results in a warm sound, giving the listener a feel of natural reverbation.

The instrument is held vertically, with the soundbox resting in the player's laps.